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Taming the Ring of Fire: Real-Time Volcano Eruption Monitoring

Institution: Michigan Technological University
Funders (7)
Views (938)

Why This Project Is Important 

Current monitoring systems are not capable of recording the low-frequency signals that often herald explosions. Better information about bigger eruptions will help us greatly in our overall understanding of the volcano.

Project Description 

Fuego is a persistently active volcano in Guatemala with small, frequent eruptions that can last for days or weeks. During periods of heightened activity, Fuego can produce dangerous pyroclastic flows, threatening villages on the flanks of the volcano. In September 2012, thousands of residents had to flee the area during a period of increased activity. Recent work by Michigan Technological University researchers has shown that ground tilting, assumed to be due to pressurization in the magmatic system, precedes many of the smaller explosions. Unfortunately, the existing seismic station—operated by Guatemala's Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología (INSIVUMEH)—is not capable of measuring this signal because it is too far away from the volcano, and the sensor itself is not sensitive to very-low-frequency tilt signals. INSIVUMEH has observers who are responsible for monitoring volcanic activity. Using information from their seismograph—and visual cues—they assess the level of activity and warn others about potential hazards. The team successfully evacuated several communities during the September 2012 eruption, but access to real-time data would be even more beneficial.

In order to measure tilt events, we are seeking funding to install a broadband seismic station high up on Fuego for a two-year trial period. The data we collect must then be transmitted in real time in order to aid in hazard analysis and prediction. We have partnered with technicians from the USGS Volcano Disaster Assistance Team who will provide support for the project. Accurate ground-tilt predictions could one day result in more precise evacuations—and many saved lives. The only way to establish a methodology for using tilt to forecast eruptions is to collect data from hundreds of explosions. This study will also help us better understand the science of volcanoes; from eruption cycles to conduit systems, there is much knowledge to be gained at Volcán de Fuego.

Meet the Researcher

Greg Waite

Dr. Waite uses seismology to study the Earth over a range of scales from the crust to the upper mantle. His research integrates seismology with other geophysical and geological techniques to develop models for active processes in the crust and upper mantle.



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$1,900
of $5,400 fund goal
The average donation for this project is $271
0
days left
35%
funded
$250
last
Funding is Closed

What Your Donation Can Help Us Do: 

  • Install and maintain real-time monitoring equipment on Volcán de Fuego
  • Fund travel to site for researchers and students to perform service on the site
  • Cover annual power and data-telemetry operating costs

$1+ 7 Funders

Receipt acknowledging tax-deductible status of your donation.

$100+ 7 Funders

The above, plus regular email updates on the progress of the project and a T-shirt.

$250+ 4 Funders

All of the above, plus acknowledgement in publications from the project and signed copies of all journal articles.

$500+ 1 Funder

All of the above, plus an interview with the research team by phone, Skype, or in person at the University (travel not included).

$1,000+ 0 Funders

All of the above, plus a framed photograph of an explosive eruption or a small plaque with a Fuego lava bomb mounted on it.

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